ADHD Psychological Causes
ADD (attention deficit disorder) and ADHD (attention deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder) diagnosis describes what are called ADHD
symptoms. It describes behaviour patterns as symptoms. An ADHD diagnosis
does not describe a disorder, disease or sickness. It is not necessary
to have a Ph.D. to understand that. A glance at the DSM IV (The
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) under ADHD, and
it is there in black and white, that the diagnosis is based purely on
The psychiatrists and psychologists base their assessment of
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD) on these behavioural criteria from the DSM-IV manual (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition Text Revision).
ADHD is defined by symptoms. There is no clinical test whatsoever that can be used to diagnose ADHD.
“There are no laboratory tests, neurological assessments, or attentional assessments that have been established as diagnostic in the clinical assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.”
(DSM IV page 88)
There are over 101 causes of ADHD,
and these different causes need different treatments, but they share a
few common symptoms. The causes are the disorders, not the symptoms.
Of the various ADHD theories, none has the full picture, but each has
pieces of the puzzle. ADD and ADHD are complex if we search for one
solution to one problem. However if we are looking at one individual who
we know well, our child, or ourself then it is easier. We have to find
an individual solution, not a statistically generalized one.
One group of causes are psychological. The child or adult with
emotional trauma or other emotional issues has intense feelings which
give rise to ADD or ADHD symptoms. They do not have ADD/ADHD, but risk
getting misdiagnosed. An emotionally traumatised child on Ritalin does
not get better. There is no healing in ADHD stimulant drugs.
In studies of the incidence of medication for ADHD among children
adopted from abroad and children born in Sweden, it was found ADHD
occurs more often in children adopted from abroad than those born in
Sweden. More than one in eight boys from eastern Europe were treated
with medication for ADHD. Among boys of the same age born in Sweden, the
occurrence was one in 70. At that age these eastern European children
have been in an institutional environment, as opposed to the Swedish
children. The orphanage systems in eastern Europe often causes emotional
problems in their children.
The list below shows a few of the emotional and psychological reasons for ADD and ADHD type behavior.
Emotional Causes of ADHD behavior
- Death in the family.
- Life stresses such as the parents divorce, moving to a new town or country.
- Low self esteem.
- Sexual abuse when young.
- Emotional difficulties.
- Neglect by parents.
- Bullying at school.
- Lack of rules at home. Lack of discipline at home.
- Lack of rules and discipline at school.
- Feelings of rejection.
Before accepting stimulant medication, the cause of the ADHD behavior should be determined. If your doctor wants to treat the ADHD symptom before finding out the cause, you should find a doctor who understands the complexity of the ADHD syndrome.
The popularity of stimulant drugs like Ritalin has encouraged some parents and teachers to accept these ADHD drugs for children who are disturbing the class or are aggressive. Many of these children may meet the criteria for ADHD, but have some other emotional or behavioral problems.
There are some natural supplements which can help the child focus during boring and unstimulating school classes. Among these is Synaptol.