Genetic Causes of ADHD
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and ADD
(Attention Deficit Disorder) are often described as genetic
neurological disorders. While this may be true in some cases, it is not
true for all. ADD and ADHD are controversial because they are very
diverse and variable conditions with shared symptoms.
ADHD is defined by symptoms. There is no clinical test whatsoever
that can be used to diagnose ADHD. The diagnostic criteria are so broad
that it covers normal behavior as well as difficult behavior. There are
over 100 causes of ADHD like behavior, which share a set of behavior
patterns. If the ADHD like behavior is a problem at home or at school
then the cause needs to be treated and not the symptoms.
There are some genetic conditions that result in hyperactive
behavior, or with symptoms similar to inattentive attention deficit
disorder (ADD). In these cases the cause should be considered and not
treatment that suppresses symptoms, such as the conventional ADHD
stimulant drugs. There is no healing in ADHD stimulant drugs.
There are over 101 causes of ADHD, and these different causes need
different treatments, but they share a few common symptoms. The causes
are the disorder, not the symptoms.
What is usually referred to, as “ADHD is genetic disorder” is a trait
that is found in all populations in the world. The idea that some form
of ADHD gene
genetic mutation has happened in the last 100 years is obviously
absurd. It is a trait like fair skin or blue eyes. The “disorder” is
that western style schools do not tolerate differences in pupils. This
has resulted in learning difficulties for pupils who learn in different
ways than the average pupil.
The list below shows a few of the genetic causes for ADD and ADHD type behavior.
Genetic Causes of ADHD behavior
- Fragile X syndrome.
- Sickle cell anaemia.
- Turner syndrome or gonadal dysgenesis.
- Jacob’s Syndrome also called XYY syndrome, is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects males. It is caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome. Males normally have one X and one Y chromosome. Males with Jacob’s syndrome have one X and two Y chromosomes. The extra Y chromosome has been associated with antisocial behavior and Conduct Disorder.
- Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). TSC is a genetic disorder with tuber-like growths in the brain and other organs to varying degrees of severity.
- Tourette syndrome. Some of the symptoms are similar to the impulsive form of ADHD.
- Angelman syndrome.
- Phenylketonuria (PKU). People born with phenylketonuria, are alergic to aspartame, the sugar substitute food and drink sweetener.
- Williams Syndrome.
- Klinefelter syndrom. Probably the most common genetic disorder in which a male has an extra X chromosome (XXY).
The page physiological causes of ADD and ADHD
is about physiological disorders with ADD/ADHD symptoms. A person with
ADHD type behavior (that is what ADHD symptoms are) as a result of a
physiological disorder s/he can appear to have ADHD, and if misdiagnosed
as ADHD may be given stimulant medication such as Ritalin. ADHD
stimulant drugs are a quick fix to suppress symptoms; medication by
itself is only a support and not the cure. They have to be taken daily,
the effect lasts only a few hours and they have side effects.
Before accepting stimulant medication, the cause of the ADHD behavior
should be determined. If your doctor wants to treat the ADHD symptom
before finding out the cause, you should find a doctor who understands
the complexity of the ADHD syndrome.
There are some natural supplements which can help the child focus during boring and unstimulating school classes. Among these is Synaptol.