Understanding your difference
ADHD Alternative Causes - 6 Types
To be able to deal effectively with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) problems we need to look for the actual causes of the difficulties experienced. ADHD is a complex and often misunderstood set of conditions. The present diagnosis is based on an outdated and over simplistic biological hypothetical explanation of ADHD. The 3 type hypothesis diagnosis is a list of behaviors without any consideration to what causes these behaviors. Therein lies its problem.
The conventional 3 sub-types ADHD model:
- ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type: Inattention but not hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms.
- ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: Hyperactivity-impulsivity but not inattention symptoms.
- ADHD,Combined Type: Both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms.
One ADHD researcher, Dr Daniel Amen, a pioneer in the application of neuro-imaging to study ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) has used SPECT imaging (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography) to study attention deficit and has found six different types of ADHD and ADD. Dr Amen has studied what is actually happening in the brain of children with various forms of ADHD type symptoms. This is a valuable contribution to the understanding of the causes of attention deficit and hyperactivity. His research indicates that there are six types of ADHD.
The conventional model of attention deficit and hyperactivity has three types based only on behavior patterns and subjective assessments. This conventional model based on the DSM-IV symptom criteria (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition) is far from perfect and ignores the underlying cause of the symptoms. The DSM-IV model for ADHD mixes all causes, environmental, medical, physiological and psychological together equally and uses the word “disorder” as a vague, undefined, abstract concept. This results in confusion and prevents a rational debate on ADHD.
Even some of the foremost and most vocal ADHD researchers are confused by the complexity of attention deficit and hyperactivity, and appear to misunderstand this condition. This is mainly because they seem so absorbed by their conventional pet hypothesis, while being apparently ignorant of major advances within psychology during the 20th century. One important factor ignored, but very relevant to understanding ADHD is personality types. Some of Dr Amen’s types are not disorders at all, but personality types, having a different thinking process than the average population. Mainly cognitive thinkers comprise 75% of the population, and the ADHD personality types fall within the other 25% of the population of mainly intuitive thinkers.
Daniel Amen’s six types of ADHD make more sense than the conventional model, as his model reflects real life ADHD. Determining the type of ADHD is a great help in finding the best treatment for the individual person with attention deficit and/or hyperactivity problems.
Attention deficit is a dimensional or spectrum condition. Symptoms vary both in the combination of symptoms, as well as the severity of a specific symptom. People with these personality types do not necessarily fit neatly into one or other of these six categories, but can share some characteristics of some of the other types. However they will tend to be mostly one or other of these six types.
Below are links to the six types of ADD/ADHD according to Dr Amen and our own ADHD Health comments on the positive aspects as well as suggestions for the most suitable natural remedies:
- Type 1: Classic ADHD.
- Type 2: Inattentive ADD.
- Type 3: Overfocused ADD.
- Type 4: Temporal Lobe ADD.
- Type 5: Limbic ADD.
- Type 6: Ring of Fire ADD.
There are over 100 different causes of attention deficit and hyperactive like behavior patterns, which conventional ADHD research appears to ignore, or choose to be ignorant of. That is why Dr Amen’s work is so significant. His SPECT scans of six ADHD types show evidence that the conventional model of ADHD is faulty and needs to be scrapped, like other bad scientific hypotheses before it.
More effort should be put into studying the alternative causes for ADHD-like behavior. Unfortunately some of the foremost ADHD researchers, among them Russell Barkley and Joseph Biederman, seem to be arrogantly unaware of the wisdom of 20th century psychology. They apparently did not have subjects such as human personality types in their curriculum at medical school. Or their minds are closed by religious fervour.
The first two types are the true gifted ADHD personalities. These are the Classic ADHD and the Inattentive ADD. These two are not disorders; they are better described as personality types. There are natural remedies for the attention, focus and hyperactivity in these children. Stimulant medication should not be used to turn enthusiastic and sparkling souls into compliant pupils.
The temporal Lobe and Ring of Fire ADD types are serious disorders. Stimulant medication worsens their condition. These are not the positive ADHD personalities, above, but have Opposition Defiant Disorder or Conduct Disorder. The inattention and hyperactivity are merely shared symptoms. A cough is a symptom shared with a common cold, tuberculosis and lung cancer.
The other two types, the Over focussed and the Limbic ADD, are a mixed group. Here there can be either a true ADHD with a disorder, or a disorder with shared attention deficit symptoms.
Please click the differnt types listed above.
6 ADHD Types Introduction
6 ADHD Types 1 to 2
6 ADHD Types 3 and 5
6 ADHD Types 4 and 6
ADHD Science Disorder
ADHD Dopamine Theory
ADHD Self-Control Theory
A Neurological Disorder?
Social Construct Theory
Not About Self-Control
ADHD Scientific Philosophy
Inconsistency of Science
DSM ADHD Misdiagnosis
Hunter vs. Farmer Theory