Understanding your difference
Genetic Causes of ADHD
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) are often described as genetic neurological disorders. While this may be true in some cases, it is not true for all. ADD and ADHD are controversial because they are very diverse and variable conditions with shared symptoms.
ADHD is defined by symptoms. There is no clinical test whatsoever that can be used to diagnose ADHD. The diagnostic criteria are so broad that it covers normal behavior as well as difficult behavior. There are over 100 causes of ADHD like behavior, which share a set of behavior patterns. If the ADHD like behavior is a problem at home or at school then the cause needs to be treated and not the symptoms.
There are some genetic conditions that result in hyperactive behavior, or with symptoms similar to inattentive attention deficit disorder (ADD). In these cases the cause should be considered and not treatment that suppresses symptoms, such as the conventional ADHD stimulant drugs. There is no healing in ADHD stimulant drugs.
There are over 101 causes of ADHD, and these different causes need different treatments, but they share a few common symptoms. The causes are the disorder, not the symptoms.
What is usually referred to, as “ADHD is genetic disorder” is a trait that is found in all populations in the world. The idea that some form of ADHD gene genetic mutation has happened in the last 100 years is obviously absurd. It is a trait like fair skin or blue eyes. The “disorder” is that western style schools do not tolerate differences in pupils. This has resulted in learning difficulties for pupils who learn in different ways than the average pupil.
The list below shows a few of the genetic causes for ADD and ADHD type behavior.
Genetic Causes of ADHD behavior
- Fragile X syndrome.
- Sickle cell anaemia.
- Turner syndrome or gonadal dysgenesis.
- Jacob's Syndrome also called XYY syndrome, is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects males. It is caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome. Males normally have one X and one Y chromosome. Males with Jacob's syndrome have one X and two Y chromosomes. The extra Y chromosome has been associated with antisocial behavior and Conduct Disorder.
- Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). TSC is a genetic disorder with tuber-like growths in the brain and other organs to varying degrees of severity.
- Tourette syndrome. Some of the symptoms are similar to the impulsive form of ADHD.
- Angelman syndrome.
- Phenylketonuria (PKU). People born with phenylketonuria, are alergic to aspartame, the sugar substitute food and drink sweetener.
- Williams Syndrome.
- Klinefelter syndrom. Probably the most common genetic disorder in which a male has an extra X chromosome (XXY).
The page physiological causes of ADD and ADHD is about physiological disorders with ADD/ADHD symptoms. A person with ADHD type behavior (that is what ADHD symptoms are) as a result of a physiological disorder s/he can appear to have ADHD, and if misdiagnosed as ADHD may be given stimulant medication such as Ritalin. ADHD stimulant drugs are a quick fix to suppress symptoms; medication by itself is only a support and not the cure. They have to be taken daily, the effect lasts only a few hours and they have side effects.
Before accepting stimulant medication, the cause of the ADHD behavior should be determined. If your doctor wants to treat the ADHD symptom before finding out the cause, you should find a doctor who understands the complexity of the ADHD syndrome.
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